The agreement contains various procedural safeguards aimed at protecting the right to due process and prohibiting double risks.  [VIII 2-6] The agreement also exempts Philippine personnel from visa formalities and ensures an acceleration of entry and exit operations;  [IV] requires the United States to accept Philippine driver`s licenses;  [V] authorizes Philippine personnel to carry weapons in U.S. military facilities while on duty;  [VI] provides for tax exemptions and import/export exclusions for Philippine personnel;  [X, XI] calls on the United States to provide health care to Filipino personnel;  [XIV] and exempts Philippine vehicles, ships and aircraft from landing or port, navigation or overflight taxes, road fees or other charges for the use of U.S. military facilities.  [XV] Military cooperation between the United States and the Philippines continued under Duterte, despite his skepticism about bilateral relations. Joint activities and military installations in the early 1990s (which, let us remember, led to the AFA in 1999, after the increase in the perception of the Philippines` threat to China). From that perspective, Duterte`s assumption of the presidency has led to the alliance`s biggest stress test in decades, with its efforts to distance Manila from Washington and seek closer relations with China and Russia facing a few obstacles, but continuing to cause periodic crises and slowing cooperation between the U.S. and the Philippines in some areas. Uncertainty about the future of military cooperation between the United States and the Philippines poses challenges to the Trump administration`s strategy of free and open Indo-Pacific. Mr.
Philip S. Davidson, Commander of the United States. .